Quantum computers and other ICT challenges

What is it, what is it for and when will we have a quantum computer? These are the questions that Juan Ignacio Cirac has answered in his conference. Quantum computers are capable of solving problems that classical computers can not solve. They also have applications in everything that is to handle data, in the field of cryptography, in the certification of random numbers... However, the quantum computer is a great scientific and technological challenge that will take time to arrive and we will have to wait. Meanwhile, there are quantum computers with errors that can solve interesting problems.

Then, the Nobel Laureate in Physics Albert Fert explained the answer that fundamental physics has given to the challenges facing information and communication technologies today. Specifically, he exposed the reduction of energy consumption that thanks to the giant magnetoresistance has been achieved in the field of ICTs. Indeed, the transmission of information and communications bring enormous energy consumption nowadays, and he considers it essential to reduce it.

Science based on gravitational waves

In addition to explaining the origin of gravitational waves, Barry Barish reviewed the history of this search, from Einstein's prediction to the obstacles they have had to overcome to achieve the experimental conditions necessary to measure them. Since its discovery, waves of different events in the universe have been measured. Barish was optimistic: “We are starting to do science based on gravitational waves. Nature doesn’t limits us, but our ability to develop new instruments. We will be able to reach the Big Bang. New equipments will emerge that will give rise to new discoveries, before another four centuries pass.”
Tomorrow's program

Morning

10:00 - 13:30 Encounters, Eureka! Zientzia Museoa, San Sebastian
Jocelyn BELL BURNELL, Jean-Pierre SAUVAGE and Juan Ignacio CIRAC

Afternoon
17:30 - 19:30 Plenary lectures
17:30 María MARTINÓN-TORRES
18:10 Sir John PENDRY
18:50 Ginés MORATA


19:30 - 20:30 Bertso Passion
Amets ARZALLUS, Andoni EGAÑA, Maialen LUJANBIO, Iñaki MURUA, William FRIEDMAN, Dudley HERSCHBACH, María MARTINÓN-TORRES, Jean-Pierre SAUVAGE

FULL PROGRAM

Recognition to women in science
The DIPC has endorsed the purpose pursued by Ikerbasque to recognize and make visible the work of women researchers through the Ikerbasque Awards. Two of the award winners, Maia Garcia Lopez Vergniory and Aitziber Cortajarena, had the opportunity to deliver two lectures to the public of Victoria Eugenia Theater. Each spoke on a topic related to their field of research: the former about materials and the latter about protein engineering.

Tribute to wolfram in Bergara
This morning took place in Bergara the event that Passion for Knowledge prepared to honor wolfram, isolated there in 1786. Dudley Herschbach and María Vallet-Regí shared their personal knowledge and experiences with the audience, consisting of students and general public. They also had the opportunity to visit the Laboratorium, together with the mayor of Bergara and the director of the Laboratorium, a visit that the invited speakers valued very positively.

Did you know...
that 150 years ago Russian chemist Dimitri Mendeleiev presented the periodic table of chemical elements? Therefore, 2019 has been designated the International Year of the Periodic Table by the United Nations, and Passion for Knowledge (P4K) 2019 festival will pay tribute to one of its components: tungsten, also known as wolfram (W). This element was for the first time isolated in Bergara in 1786 by Fausto and Joan Jose Elhuyar brothers.
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